It’s that time of year again!
The Stanford Semantics and Pragmatics Workshop presents the 15th annual SemFest, to be held on the afternoon of Friday, March 14th in the Greenberg Room (420-126).
1:00 Towards an explanatory account of conditional perfection (Prerna Nadathur)
1:30 Probabilistic integration of linguistic framing in ad-hoc pragmatic implicatures (Andrés Gómez Emilsson, Michael C. Frank, Noah Goodman)
2:00 Metatext in the comics (Arnold Zwicky)
2:45 Presupposed or At-issue Existence in Weak Indefinite: Evidence from Persian Differential Object Marking (Masoud Jasbi)
3:15 The two plurals: A case for allosemy (Paul Kiparsky)
4:00 Aﬀective uses of the ‘Tot eshjo N’ construction in Russian (Dasha Popova)
4:30 Assessing and Interpreting Semantic Data from the Web (Cleo Condoravdi, Lauri Karttunen, Annie Zaenen and Stanley Peters)
Abstracts for the presentations, together with the schedule, are available here.
The Linguist List Grad School Challenge fundraiser is coming down to the wire, and it’s starting to look like a two-team challenge for the lead between us and the University of Washington. (We’re behind!)
Let’s rally to win the challenge! Click here to donate and to get more info.
Congratulations to Tania Rojas-Esponda, whose paper A discourse model for überhaupt has just been published in the prestigious journal Semantics & Pragmatics!
James Collins will be presenting this Friday, March 7, at the 32nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (WCCFL 32) on Diagnosing Predicate Fronting with Coordinate Structure Constraint Violations
Several current and past Stanford linguists will be presenting at CUNY 2014:
- Chris Potts will give a plenary talk on Characterizing expressive and social meaning with large corpora as part of the Special Session on Experimental Pragmatics.
- Judith Degen will give a plenary talk on Alternatives in Pragmatic Inference as part of the Special Session on Experimental Pragmatics.
- Klinton Bicknell and Roger Levy will be presenting on The mind leads the eyes: ungrammaticality detection from two words back in reading.
- Kevin McGowan, Meghan Sumner, Annette D’Onofrio, and Teresa Pratt will be presenting on The contribution of form and meaning to the processing of careful and casual speech.
- Chigusa Kurumada, Meredith Brown, Sarah Bibyk, Daniel Pontillo and Michael Tanenhaus will be presenting on Expectation-adaptation in the incremental interpretation of contrastive prosody.
- Richard Futrell, Tina Hickey, Aldrin Lee, Eunice Lim, Elena Luchkina and Edward Gibson will be presenting on A cross-linguistic verb-final bias in gesturing paradigms.
- Marie-Catherine de Marneffe and Judith Tonhauser will be presenting on Prosody affects scalar implicature generation.
- Jennifer E. Arnold, Elise C. Rosa, Mark Klinger, Patrick Powell, Alison Meyer will be presenting on Mechanisms of prosody production: Differences between children with and without ASD.
Gabe Doyle (UCSD) will be presenting at the P-Interest meeting today at noon in the Greenberg Room (460-126). There will be lunch (out) after the talk for those who are interested.
Computational models of phonological constraint acquisition
Abstract: Phonology, whether approached from a rule-based or Optimality Theory viewpoint, relies on a set of rules or constraints that shape the sound patterns of a language. But where does this set come from? The most common, sometimes unstated, solution is to treat the set as innate and language-universal. This universality has some explanatory benefits, but it is a strong assumption, and one influenced in part by the lack of viable methods for learning constraints. In this talk, I propose two computational models for markedness constraint acquisition in an Optimality Theory framework. The first uses minimal phonological structure to learn a set of constraint violations that can be used to identify probable constraints. The second uses a similar learning structure but includes a basic grammar for constraints (similar to Smith 2004’s schemas) to jointly learn violations and constraint identities. These methods, tested on Wolof vowel harmony and English plurals, learn systems of constraints that explain observed data equally well as the constraints in a standard phonological analysis, with a violation structure that largely corresponds with the standard constraints. This suggests that constraint learning may be possible as a part of acquisition, and the innateness and universality assumption may be able to be weakened. This is joint work with Klinton Bicknell (Northwestern) and Roger Levy (UCSD).
We are sad to report that Chuck Fillmore, Berkeley linguistics professor and friend, teacher, and inspiration to Stanford linguists, passed away on February 13th after a struggle with cancer. You can find a biography, gallery, and tributes here.