Archive for the ‘Undergrads’ Category

Former Stanford Ling Undergrads Receive NSF Fellowships

Isaac Bleaman and Cybelle Smith, both former linguistic majors at Stanford, were recently awarded NSF Graduate Research Fellowships.

Congratulations!

VPUE Presentations Today, Oct. 11

Please join us at 3:30 PM in the Greenberg Room as we hear presentations from two of the summer’s VPUE undergrad interns, Nicholas Moores and Ellie Redding. This presentation represents the culmination of their summer research internships.

Nicholas will be presenting on: ‘This No Funny’: A Study of Children’s Semantic and Syntactic Development of Negation”

Ellie will be presenting on: /r/-vocalization in the Moving to Opportunities Project

Social to follow!

Sociotea this Wednesday

And every Wednesday! All socio-inclined or -interested folk are welcome to check out this weekly gathering from 4:15-5:15 PM in the Greenberg room. This week’s (October 2) meeting will explore answers to the question of ‘What is a variable?’

All are welcome!

Look who’s talking!

Talks this coming week:

Dan Lassiter will speak about “Bayesian pragmatics” at a UC Berkeley Linguistics Colloquium on September 30.

Chris Potts will speak at the Berkeley Meaning Sciences Club on October 1 on “Conversational Implicature: Interacting with Grammar.”

Paul Kiparsky will be speaking at the University of Leipzig’s Comparative Germanic Syntax Workshop on October 3, speaking on “The Residue of Opacity.” Link to the workshop here.

Eve Clark is a plenary speaker at the Australian Linguistics Society’s 2013 Conference on “Interaction, Feedback, and Language Acquisition”. The conference meets from October 1-4.

 

Look who’s talking! (Summer retrospective)

We have a considerable backlog of talks given by Stanford folks this summer to announce as well.

At ACL 2013 in Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9:

  • Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, Moritz Sudhof, Dan Jurafsky, Jure Leskovec and Christopher Potts: “A computational approach to politeness with application to social factors”
  • Adam Vogel, Christopher Potts and Dan Jurafsky: “Implicatures and Nested Beliefs in Approximate Decentralized-POMDPs”
  • Kevin Reschke, Adam Vogel and Dan Jurafsky: “Generating Recommendation Dialogs by Extracting Information from User Reviews”
  • Marta Recasens, Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil and Dan Jurafsky, ”Linguistic Models for Analyzing and Detecting Biased Language”
  • Spence Green, Sida Wang, Daniel Cer and Christopher D. Manning: “Fast and Adaptive Online Training of Feature-Rich Translation Models”
  • Mengqiu Wang, Wanxiang Che and Christopher D. Manning: Joint Word Alignment and Bilingual Named Entity Recognition Using Dual Decomposition
  • Richard Socher, John Bauer, Christopher Manning and Andrew Ng: Parsing with Compositional Vector Grammars
  • At the colocated CoNLL 2013 conference: Thang Luong, Richard Socher, and Christopher Manning, “Better Word Representations with Recursive Neural Networks for Morphology”

At UK Language Variation & Change 9, University of Sheffield, September 2-4:

  • Podesva, Robert; Calder, Jeremy; Chen, Hsin-Chang; D’Onofrio, Annette; Flores Bayer, Isla; Kim, Seung Kyung; Van Hofwegen, Janneke: “The California Vowel Shift in a Rural Inland Community”
  • Alum Lauren Hall-Lew with Ruth Friskney and James Scobbie: ”‘If you will allow me, Mr Speaker…’: Audience Design and Phonetic Variation in the House of Commons”
  • Alum Devyani Sharma: “The Social Foundation of Feature Pools: An example from ethnolectal change”

Stanford Linguistics faculty, grad students, alums and affiliates at CogSci 2013, Berlin, July 31-August 3:

  • Meghan Sumner, Chigusa Kurumada, Roey Gafter, Marisa Casillas: Phonetic variation and the recognition of words with pronunciation variants
  • Marisa Casillas and Michael Frank: The development of predictive processes in children’s discourse understanding
  • Chigusa Kurumada, Meredith Brown, Sarah Bibyk, Daniel Pontillo, Michael Tanenhaus: Incremental processing in the pragmatic interpretation of contrastive prosody
  • Chigusa Kurumada: Contextual inferences over speakers’ pragmatic intentions: Preschoolers’ comprehension of contrastive prosody
  • Chigusa Kurumada and T. Florian Jaeger: Communicatively efficient language production and case-marker omission in Japanese
  • Molly Lewis and Michael Frank: Modeling disambiguation in word learning via multiple probabilistic constraints
  • Molly Lewis and Michael Frank: An integrated model of concept learning and word-concept mapping

At the International Conference on Dependency Linguistics, Prague, August 27-30: Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Miriam Connor, Natalia Silveira, Samuel R. Bowman, Timothy Dozat and Christopher D. Manning, “More constructions, more genres: Extending Stanford Dependencies”

Arto Antilla was an invited speaker at the 2013 International Conference on English Linguistics in Seoul, South Korea.

Alex Djalali gave a talk entitled “Extending a Natural Language Proof Theory: On Ordinary Comparatives” at the workshop Natural Language and Computer Science in New Orleans on June 28, 2013.

A number of papers were presented at the Workshop on Altaic Formal Linguistics at Cornell on August 23-25, 2013 (including three which emerged from last year’s fieldwork class!).

  • Bonnie Krejci and Lelia Glass: The Noun/Adjective Distinction in Kazakh
  • Hanzhi Zhu: Raising in Kazakh: Case, Agreement, and the EPP
  • Asya Pereltsvaig and Ekaterina Lyutikova: Functional Structure in the Nominal Domain: A View from Tatar
  • Samuel R. Bowman and Benjamin Lokshin: Idiosyncratic transparency in Kazakh vowel harmony

At ESSLLI 2013 at the University of Düsseldorf,

  • Dan Lassiter and Noah Goodman taught a course on “Probability in semantics and pragmatics”
  • Dan Lassiter and Heather Burnett taught a course on “Gradability, scale structure, and vagueness”
  • Lelia Glass presented a poster on “Degree-Modified Nongradable Adjectives and Metalinguistic Comparison as Pragmatically Negotiated Scales” at the Student Session

Joan Bresnan was an invited speaker at the LSA 13 Workshop How the brain accommodates variability in linguistic representations, organized by alum Florian Jaeger.

Paul Kiparsky presented

Alumna Aswini Deo also presented a paper at the LSA 2013 workshop Patterns of Alignment in the Indo-Iranian Languages: Towards a Typologyentitled “The emergence of accusative objects in New Indo-Aryan ergative clauses”.

Albarran gives SymSys Honors Presentation

Eddy Albarran is giving a SymSys Honors Presentation today at 12:45 in 460-334).

“Spatial working memory modulates visual receptive fields of V4 neurons”
Eddy Albarran
(advised by Tirin Moore, Neurobiology; second reader: Behrad Noudoost, Neurobiology)
Electrical and pharmacological manipulation of activity in the Frontal Eye Field (FEF), an oculomotor structure within the prefrontal cortex, results in changes in the strength of visual signals in posterior visual areas (Moore and Armstrong, 2003; Noudoost and Moore, 2011). The FEF is known to comprise neurons with saccade, visual, or working memory-related activity. Findings in our lab demonstrate that whereas the FEF is originally known for its role in oculomotor control, the majority of signals that project from the FEF to visual areas are comprised of persistent, working memory-related activity. Yet, because V4 neurons do not exhibit memory period activity themselves, these findings collectively motivated the question of what the significance of persistent activity is for visual signals in V4. Here we demonstrate pilot data in 14 V4 neurons that suggests that V4 receptive fields (RFs) in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) undergo various modulations during memory-guided saccade tasks. Specifically, spatial working memory appears to increase the size of V4 RFs, shift V4 RFs toward the remembered location, and increase the number of neurons coding the remembered location. These findings suggest that spatial working memory modulates visual RFs in a way that facilitates their response to incoming stimuli, resembling the effects observed during deployment of overt and covert visuospatial attention.

Look Who’s Talking